I am currently working on two main projects:
1) Transclusions: Alternative visions of living digitally
This project examines different possibilities for understanding what our online-digital world might have become. We too often, implicitly or explicitly, accept the idea that our online worlds, tools, and platforms (such as the World Wide Web) are the best, most natural, or inevitable forms of these technologies. But exploring the histories of other platforms that “might have been,” I hope to open up thinking about alternative possibilities for doing and living digitally.
In practice, the project has two parts. One is an examination of the work of Ted Nelson, the inventor of hypertext and one of the most imaginative critics of the World Wide Web and other digital technologies.
The second part is more local. It aims to examine the history of networking in Southeast Asia, attempting to understand what alternatives and possibilities existed in this region before the dominance of the global Internet.
This project is sponsored by a Tier 1 grant from the Ministry of Education, Singapore.
This is the book project that emerged from the “Space of Biomedicine in East Asia” project listed below. The project aims to track the history and development of the genomics lab BGI, based in Shenzhen. It is partly a history of the lab through the history of the city. It aims to track what new institutional forms biomedicine is taking on in China and hence to contribute to our understanding of what “forms of life” are emerging in the “Chinese century.”
And I have at least two older projects that are more or less wrapped up (it’s hard to say they’re totally and completely completed, though):
3) Spaces of Biomedicine in East Asia
Laboratory studies has been a critical aspect of science & technology studies and anthropology of science since the publication of Latour and Woolgar’s Laboratory Life (1979). This project is a multi-sited ethnography of labs and other biomedical spaces in Southeast and East Asia, but attempts to push laboratory studies in some new (methodological) directions.
First, it draws on the field of performance studies as a resource for understanding scientific life and its various enactments. This project is based on a collaboration with performance studies scholar Eddie Paterson (University of Melbourne). Using concepts such as “dramaturgy” as well as paying attention to “theatrical” elements in science, such as costume and movement, we hope to add new dimensions to the understanding of lives in (and around) laboratories.
Second, and as part of this attention to the broader context in which science takes place, this project is especially interested in the urban settings within which laboratories exist. What is the relationship between labs and geographic spaces around them? How do they influence cities socially and culturally? How does this affect the science that goes on inside them? Here we hope to bring laboratory studies into dialogue with urban studies.
We conducted fieldwork in Singapore and at BGI in Shenzhen and Hong Kong. A short piece we wrote about BGI was published in the Life Sciences Foundation Magazine Winter 2015 issue. A longer piece about BGI was published here.
This project was sponsored by a Tier 1 grant from the Ministry of Education, Singapore.
4) Data Infrastructures in Biology (and Beyond)
Biology has been dealing with the problems of “big data” for several decades. Even before the Human Genome Project began, biologists struggled cope with rapidly accumulating protein and DNA sequence data. My project examines the recent history of data in biology, paying particular attention to the ‘infrastructures’ (hardware, software, databases, data structures) that make data-work possible. For instance, the work of assembling a human genome from hundreds of thousands of small sequenced fragments required not only massive computational power, but also software capable of dealing with large, messy, and heterogeneous data sets. What sorts of knowledge and practices are required to perform such work, and in what ways does they differ from non-computational work in biology?
In exploring such examples, I aim to highlight some of the novelties of big data and big data practices. This novelty has less to do with size and more to do with how data are manipulated and used within computer-based infrastructures. I will suggest that this novelty demands new methods for studying data that allows us to follow it inside machines, software, and databases – that is, we need to supplement material culture approaches with ‘data culture’ approaches. Ultimately, such analysis will help us to understand the manifold consequences of ‘big data’ as it moves from science into a range of other social, economic, and political domains.
This project was recently featured here on the School of Humanities and Social Science website and here in NTU’s “Pushing Frontiers” magazine. I have written a series of blog posts for the Smart Data Collective about Big Data:
- Why Big Data Requires the Social Sciences
- Following the Data
- Data Infrastructures
- Gigascience: A Science Journal that Provides Full Data Sets
- The N-Gram and The Book: “Uncharted: Big Data as a Lens On Human Culture”
This project was sponsored by a grant from the Data Science and Artificial Intelligence Research Center at NTU.